Most frequent questions and answers

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes inflammation, itching, and redness. It often appears as dry, scaly patches on the skin.

Eczema can affect people of all ages, but it is most common in infants and young children. Many individuals outgrow eczema as they get older, but some may continue to experience symptoms into adulthood.


The exact cause of eczema is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It tends to run in families with a history of allergies or asthma.

No, eczema is not contagious. It is a non-infectious skin condition caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.


Eczema flare-ups can be triggered by various factors including dry skin, irritants like soaps and detergents, allergens like pollen or pet dander, stress, sweating, and changes in temperature or humidity.


Eczema is typically diagnosed through a physical examination of the affected skin and a discussion of the patient’s medical history. In some cases, doctors may perform allergy tests to identify potential triggers.


Treatment for eczema focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing flare-ups. This can include moisturizing the skin regularly, using topical corticosteroids or immunomodulators, avoiding triggers, and managing stress.


While there is no cure for eczema, many people can effectively manage their symptoms and reduce the frequency of flare-ups through proper skincare, lifestyle adjustments, and medical treatments.


Eczema is associated with an increased risk of developing other allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever. Proper management of eczema and its triggers can help reduce the risk of complications.


Yes, research into eczema and its underlying causes is ongoing. Scientists are exploring new treatment options, understanding the genetics of the condition, and investigating potential links with the immune system.


About Eczema


Eczema affects about 10-20% of children and 1-3% of adults worldwide.


Skin Barrier Dysfunction

Individuals with eczema often have a compromised skin barrier, which allows moisture to escape and irritants to penetrate more easily.


Lifestyle Impact

Eczema can impact a person’s quality of life, affecting sleep, self-esteem, and overall well-being.


Treatment Personalization

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for eczema, as each individual may respond differently to various therapies.



Regular use of emollients (moisturizers) is crucial for managing eczema by keeping the skin hydrated and reducing dryness.



Intense itching is a hallmark symptom of eczema, and scratching can worsen the condition, leading to more inflammation and potential skin infections.



Common triggers for eczema include allergens, environmental factors, stress, and even certain foods in some cases.


Age of Onset

Eczema commonly starts in infancy, with about 60% of cases developing within the first year of life.


Topical Steroids

Topical corticosteroids are often used to manage eczema flare-ups, but their strength and duration of use should be determined by a healthcare professional.


Psychological Impact

Eczema can have a psychological impact due to the visible nature of the condition, leading to anxiety and decreased self-confidence in some individuals.